⌛ Ethics In Criminal Justice
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Professional Ethics in Criminal Justice
Some justice, however unequal, is better than no justice, however equal. To ensure justice and equality, we must work to improve our system so that everyone who deserves the death penalty gets it. The case against capital punishment is often made on the basis that society has a moral obligation to protect human life, not take it. The taking of human life is permissible only if it is a necessary condition to achieving the greatest balance of good over evil for everyone involved. Given the value we place on life and our obligation to minimize suffering and pain whenever possible, if a less severe alternative to the death penalty exists which would accomplish the same goal, we are duty-bound to reject the death penalty in favor of the less severe alternative.
There is no evidence to support the claim that the death penalty is a more effective deterrent of violent crime than, say, life imprisonment. In fact, statistical studies that have compared the murder rates of jurisdictions with and without the death penalty have shown that the rate of murder is not related to whether the death penalty is in force: There are as many murders committed in jurisdictions with the death penalty as in those without. Unless it can be demonstrated that the death penalty, and the death penalty alone, does in fact deter crimes of murder, we are obligated to refrain from imposing it when other alternatives exist.
Further, the death penalty is not necessary to achieve the benefit of protecting the public from murderers who may strike again. Locking murderers away for life achieves the same goal without requiring us to take yet another life. Nor is the death penalty necessary to ensure that criminals "get what they deserve. It only requires that the gravest crimes receive the severest punishment that our moral principles would allow us to impose. While it is clear that the death penalty is by no means necessary to achieve certain social benefits, it does, without a doubt, impose grave costs on society.
First, the death penalty wastes lives. Many of those sentenced to death could be rehabilitated to live socially productive lives. Carrying out the death penalty destroys any good such persons might have done for society if they had been allowed to live. Furthermore, juries have been known to make mistakes, inflicting the death penalty on innocent people. Had such innocent parties been allowed to live, the wrong done to them might have been corrected and their lives not wasted.
In addition to wasting lives, the death penalty also wastes money. Contrary to conventional wisdom, it's much more costly to execute a person than to imprison them for life. The finality of punishment by death rightly requires that great procedural precautions be taken throughout all stages of death penalty cases to ensure that the chance of error is minimized. As a result, executing a single capital case costs about three times as much as it costs to keep a person in prison for their remaining life expectancy, which is about 40 years.
Finally, the death penalty harms society by cheapening the value of life. Allowing the state to inflict death on certain of its citizens legitimizes the taking of life. The death of anyone, even a convicted killer, diminishes us all. Society has a duty to end this practice which causes such harm, yet produces little in the way of benefits. These employees should seek specific guidance from their ethics official before engaging in any partisan political activity. You should not engage in any outside employment or other activity that conflicts with your official duties and responsibilities. Employees are prohibited from engaging in outside employment that involves criminal matters, the paid practice of law or matters in which the Department is a party or represents a party.
Only the Deputy Attorney General may waive these prohibitions. You are required to obtain written approval for certain employment including the practice of law that is not otherwise prohibited, and any outside employment involving a subject matter related to the responsibilities of your component. You may not receive compensation for the representation of anyone before a federal agency or official, or before any court in a matter in which the U.
This prohibition applies whether or not you render the representation yourself. You also may not represent someone in connection with a claim against the United States or before a federal agency or official, or before any court, with or without compensation, in a matter in which the U. There are exceptions to the above statutes for representing your immediate family, testifying under oath, representing another employee in personnel administration proceedings, and representing employee organizations, in certain matters.
You may engage in fundraising in your personal capacity, off-duty, as long as you do not solicit your subordinates or persons having business with the Department. There is an exception for mass mailings that do not target the above persons. You may not engage in fundraising in your official capacity unless authorized by statute, executive order or regulation e. There is an exception for giving an official speech at a fundraiser, when specifically authorized in advance after disclosure of all facts and circumstances regarding the event.
You may not serve as an expert witness in your private capacity in any proceeding before the United States in which the U. You may not be paid by anyone but the Government for speaking or writing undertaken as part of your official duties. When you are teaching, speaking or writing in your private capacity, you may not use nonpublic information, nor should there be any use of your official title except as a biographical detail or where there is a disclaimer. Generally, you may not be compensated for teaching, speaking, or writing that relates to your official duties. However, there is an exception for teaching in certain educational settings. If you are a career employee, or non-career employee classified at GS and below, what relates to your duties is a present or recent assignment, or a policy, program or operation of your component.
If you are a non-career employee above GS, what relates to your duties is broader, and you must have advance authorization from the DAEO before engaging in teaching for compensation. You may not use your official time or that of a subordinate to prepare materials. Some components require advance review and clearance for certain written work and speeches. You may not solicit or accept a gift 1 given because of your official position, or 2 from a prohibited source, which includes anyone who:. The definition of a gift is broad. It includes any gratuity, favor, discount, entertainment, hospitality, loan, forbearance, or other item having monetary value.
It includes services as well as gifts of training, transportation, local travel, lodgings and meals, whether provided in-kind, by purchase of a ticket, payment in advance, or reimbursement after the expense has been incurred. If you are offered a gift and you do not know the source, in circumstances where you cannot be certain it is a permissible gift, you should decline. A gift does not include items such as publicly available discounts and prizes, commercial loans, food not part of a meal such as coffee and donuts, and items of little value such as plaques and greeting cards.
You should return gifts not meeting the exceptions or contact your Deputy DAEO on how to dispose of them. Perishable items may be given to charity or shared by your office, with approval. You may not receive any payment, or supplementation, of your government salary from any source except the Government for performing your duties. In addition, if approved in advance, employees may accept travel expenses from a foreign government for travel taking place entirely outside of the United States. Gifts whose value exceeds the minimal value are deemed to be accepted on behalf of the United States and may not be kept by the employee. In addition, an employee may accept meals and refreshments while in a foreign country provided by non-government persons in the course of a meeting when the employee is performing official duties, and where the event includes non- U.
You may not give, or solicit a contribution for, a gift to an official superior, and you may not accept a gift from an employee receiving less pay than you if employee is a subordinate. There is an exception for voluntary gifts of nominal value made on special occasion such as marriage, illness or retirement. Generally, you may not accept reimbursement for travel and related expenses from any source other than the Government when you are traveling on official duty. However, with prior written approval, DOJ may accept travel expenses incidental to your attendance at conferences or similar functions related to your duties from non-Federal sources pursuant to the GSA regulations cited here. Travel expenses for a spouse accompanying you on official travel may not be accepted.
You may retain for personal use benefits from commercial sources, including bonus flights, that result from official travel. You may keep a bonus offered when you volunteer to take a later flight as long as the delay does not interfere with the conduct of your duties and you do not charge the Government for additional costs, but you many not keep such a bonus if you are bumped from a flight. In most cases, you may not travel other than coach class when on official business.
Your nonfederal financial holdings and your outside activities and relationships can trigger the applicability of the conflict of interest statutes and regulations. Below are summaries and examples of how the conflict of interest rules may become applicable to you. You should avoid situations where your official actions affect or appear to affect your private interests, financial or non-financial. You may not participate personally and substantially in a matter in which you, your spouse, minor child or general partner has a financial interest. This prohibition also applies if an organization in which you serve as officer, director, trustee, or employee has a financial interest or if a person or organization with which you are negotiating for future employment has a financial interest.
Generally, you should seek advice before participating in any matter in which your impartiality could be questioned. You may not participate without authorization in a particular matter having specific parties that could affect the financial interests of members of your household or where one of the following is a party or represents a party: someone with whom you have or are seeking employment, or a business, contractual or other financial relationship; a member of your household or a relative with whom you have a close relationship; a current or prospective employer of a spouse, parent or child; or an organization which you now serve actively or have served, as an employee or in another capacity, within the past year.
Without written approval, you may not purchase or use property that has been forfeited to the Government and offered for sale by the Justice Department. Generally, you may not take official action on a matter affecting the financial interests of an organization with which you are negotiating or have an arrangement for a job. Generally, you must disqualify yourself from a matter in order to negotiate for a job, and employees participating in a procurement have to report to certain officials in writing before negotiating with a contractor competing for that procurement. You may also have to disqualify yourself when you are merely seeking employment, which includes sending a resume. You should get advice from your Deputy DAEO about seeking and negotiating for employment before you begin a job search.
If you have a financial conflict of interest or believe your impartiality might be questioned, you must either disqualify yourself from taking action that could affect your interest, or see your Deputy DAEO about the following alternatives:. If you are directed to divest an interest, you may be eligible to defer the tax consequences of divestiture. Your component head may grant you a waiver if your financial interest is found to be not so substantial as to affect the integrity of your services to the Government. He was sentenced to serve three months in jail and ordered to have no contact with the victim. He set up fake companies and invoiced the county for goods and services, and then utilized his position to channel the payments to himself.
Dennis McCarthy Kitsap County - In , a jury convicted this former Port Orchard police sergeant of First and Second Degree Assault for pointing a gun at his girlfriend and then seriously injuring her by pushing her out of a second-story window. The court sentenced him to 23 years in prison. The court sentenced him to serve 29 months in prison, register as a sex offender, and the State later revoked his certification to work as a peace officer based upon this conduct.
Justin Husom Franklin County — In , this Franklin County Correctional Officer was convicted of two counts of Custodial Sexual Misconduct and one count of Official Misconduct for having sexual relations with two inmates in exchange for razors and candy. He was sentenced to serve 10 months in jail and required to register as a sex offender. The court sentenced them to serve 90 days in jail and the State later revoked their certifications to work as peace officers based upon this conduct. The State later revoked his certification to work as a peace officer based upon this conduct.
Timothy Fultz King County — In , this DSHS employee was convicted of Theft in the First Degree, Computer Trespass in the First Degree, Money Laundering, and 4 counts of Identity Theft in the First Degree and sentenced to 48 months for using his governmental access to gather identifying information on people and then using that information to make claims on property that he was not entitled to. Marriya Wright Spokane County — In , this Deputy Prosecutor resigned her position and pled guilty to Rendering Criminal Assistance for assisting a felon in eluding the police.
John Gruden Snohomish County — This former state correctional officer filed a worker's compensation claim and moved out of state where he continued to receive benefits from the state of Washington. The Department of Labor and Industries LNI worked with an out-of-state investigation firm to obtain surveillance video showing Gruden jogging on a treadmill despite his claimed injury and working three security jobs. When the men continued to violate the consent decree, the criminal justice division charged them with Contempt of Court and the Unlawful Practice of Immigration Law.
Both men were convicted in , and were sentenced to serve 10 days and ordered to cease their illegal activities or face incarceration. JHC International Incorporated King County — In , this corporation was convicted of Theft in the First Degree and paid over half a million dollars in restitution to the state for owed sales tax. Taylor-Rose, 37, was previously convicted of first-degree child molestation in and third-degree child molestation in , and has a long history of undetected deviant sexual offenses.You may also have to disqualify yourself when you are Ethics In Criminal Justice seeking employment, which includes Power And Domination Analysis a resume. Ethics In Criminal Justice both cybersecurity Ethics In Criminal Justice and more Ethics In Criminal Justice criminal justice roles need computer Ethics In Criminal Justice to solve problems. Only by putting Ethics In Criminal Justice to Ethics In Criminal Justice can society ensure that convicted killers do not Zombie Apocalypse Survivors again.