⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders

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Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders

Strumenti wiki Strumenti wiki Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders speciali. In the background there is also the threat of a total war with new weapons, of which Persuasive Essay On Overpopulation atomic bomb is the most powerful. Then Aziz is sorry line 48 Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders, afraid he has startled her line 64 ; they both laugh line 79 and he is delighted line Only Christ could Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders the eyes of the Emmaus disciples so they would know that He was the One with Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders Luke Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders Magna Carta : In The Gachupines Research Paper to get more money to wage wars to defend his Personal Narrative: A Personal Experience Of Leadership possessions, King John collected higher taxes. See Galatians ,9; ; ; Was Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders not the foolish cry a Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders months ago, and are there not some weak-minded individuals who still believe it, that the great massacre and mutiny Compare And Contrast Chillingworth And The Puritan Leaders India was caused by the missionaries.

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Only Christ could open the eyes of the Emmaus disciples so they would know that He was the One with them Luke Only Christ could open the Scriptures to them so they would appreciate them and know their meaning Luke Only Christ could open the minds of His disciples so they could understand the Scriptures Luke One cannot refrain from saying that such exposition of the Scriptures as Jesus and Paul gave would lead to more opening of mind and heart. Dianoigo was used occasionally in secular authors from Plato, et al, meaning to open by dividing or drawing asunder dia , to open thoroughly what had been closed ;. Mark and looking up to heaven with a deep sigh, He said to him to the deaf man - Mk , " Ephphatha!

Comment : Dianoigo is used somewhat literally because the uterus has to "open" the cervix has to dilate in order to allow passage through the birth canal for the newborn male, specifically the firstborn male. As you know, this was originally written in Greek. The word opened is a translation of a particular Greek word. There were two different Greek words that could be used here. One is anoigo. One is dianoigo. The little word dia is the word for through. Anoigo means to open something like a door, something that already has a latch, something that already has a provision for opening.

You use the Greek word anoigo with a door. It means to break open. It means to bust open. It means to break in. You use the word dianoigo with something like a mountain. Two different Greek words. Which one do you think Luke uses? You can just take a guess. He will not talk about the human mind or the human soul like a door. He talks about the human mind or the human soul like a mountain: layers and layers of obstacles to the truth, impenetrable. What Luke is saying is the natural human mind, until Jesus gets to it, is spiritually blind. What does that mean? One illustration you can use is you think of the eye itself. Very often, as a person gets older, something develops on the eye called a cataract.

A cataract is a clouding up or a misting up, an opaqueness that develops where there should be transparency. God made the human soul with a transparency. We are different than the animals. We are different than the plants. The Bible says naturally, because of sin, there is an opaqueness over top of our soul so that it has to be broken through. Another way to put it is we have cataracts on our soul. You can rub your eye all you want.

That will not get rid of cataracts. You can rub it and rub it and rub it. You can wash it and wash it and wash it. There needs to be a medical intervention. There needs to be a surgeon. You think all you need is the truth. You need eyes. You need someone to take the opaqueness off. What is it? I like that. I believe it. The opaqueness is not an inability to comprehend. Jean Piaget talks about the various operations that develop as a kid gets older. You have sensorimotor development, six stages of it. You have concrete operations and abstract operations. The problem with that word is, in English, appreciate is a fairly wimpy word.

This is the heart of what this opaqueness is and what spiritual blindness is. The word depreciate means something loses its value. Therefore, it loses its economic power. It loses its clout. It loses how much it can influence. You can get things done with it. You have a diamond, and you can go places. You can do things. You can get things for it. When something depreciates, it loses value. When something appreciates, it gains value. The word appreciate, in the English language, can also mean what increases is your realization of the value of something, your realization of the power of something, your realization of the influence of something. Last year, I saw.

One day, last year, I realized what Jesus did for me is the thing I need most of all. It revolutionized me when I realized it. This is the root of all my problems. That kind of language means the cataracts have come off. Suppose I could send you back in a time machine. Just go back five years, ten years, whatever. You start to read the stock stuff. I will do everything I can. They go down all these little lines, and one of the jumps out at you. It says Microsoft. You can appreciate it. You know the value of it. You know the influence of that information. Nobody else can see what it means. Nobody else can see the significance of the information.

Nobody can see that knowing that will make all the difference. What does it mean to become a Christian? How could I have never seen the power of this? How could I have never seen the meaning of this? How could I have never seen the value of this? You have no idea what that experience is like. You need to have someone break through. Break through, dianoigo, open. Some years ago, there were two women I was counseling back in my first church in a little town. They both came to me within a week of each other, and they had the same problem. They were facing a very devastating loss in their lives. They came to a pastor. Actually, there were no counselors in town. People came to pastors back then because there was nobody else to talk to about their problems.

They came in at various times. In both cases, I laid out a passage of Scripture and then I gave them a book. Same passage, same book, same basic theme. Maybe a month later, I saw both of them. The other woman, same age, same situation, same Bible passage, same book. I guess I believe it. She was broken, from what I can tell, permanently. What was the difference between them? The same truth, but the one woman was able to appreciate the truth. She was able to see the value of the truth. She was able to sense the power of the truth. The other woman did not. Let me tell you what illumination means. Do you want to overcome guilt? Do you want to overcome worry? The truth of how good he is has to break through.

Do you want to deal with boredom? The truth has to break through, and so on, and so on. What a welcome home after being stoned to death! Comment : The implication of Paul's explaining is that it was accomplished supernaturally, not naturally, a good pattern for all who would seek to proclaim the Living Word in power and in the Spirit cp this "dynamic" [ dunamis ] combination in 1Thes note. So the Levites shall be Mine. Numbers for they are wholly given to Me from among the sons of Israel. Proverbs Do not love sleep, or you will become poor; Open your eyes, and you will be satisfied with food. Isaiah Therefore Sheol has enlarged its throat and opened its mouth without measure; And Jerusalem's splendor, her multitude, her din of revelry and the jubilant within her, descend into it.

Lamentations All your enemies Have opened their mouths wide against you; They hiss and gnash their teeth. They say, "We have swallowed her up! Surely this is the day for which we waited; We have reached it, we have seen it. Ezekiel "Into his right hand came the divination, 'Jerusalem,' to set battering rams, to open the mouth for slaughter, to lift up the voice with a battle cry, to set battering rams against the gates, to cast up ramps, to build a siege wall.

Ezekiel 'On that day your mouth will be opened to him who escaped, and you will speak and be mute no longer. Hosea "Then I will give her her vineyards from there, And the valley of Achor as a door of hope Lxx uses dianoigo to translate as "to open her understanding". And she will sing there as in the days of her youth, As in the day when she came up from the land of Egypt. Habakkuk You pierced with his own spears The head of his throngs. They stormed in to scatter us; Their exultation was like those Who devour the oppressed in secret. Zechariah "In that day," declares the LORD, "I will strike every horse with bewilderment and his rider with madness.

But I will watch over the house of Judah, while I strike every horse of the peoples with blindness. LXE In that day, saith the Lord Almighty, I will smite every horse with amazement, and his rider with madness: but I will open mine eyes upon the house of Juda, and I will smite all the horses of the nations with blindness. Zechariah "In that day a fountain will be opened for the house of David and for the inhabitants of Jerusalem, for sin and for impurity. Giving evidence is the idea of placing beside so what Paul was doing was presenting persuasive evidence to the listeners.

The food for example would be set beside the guest, since the tables were at their side! Here Paul is setting beside his audience a veritable banquet of truth from the Scriptures which were the Old Testament! The apostle was setting before them one Old Testament proof after another present tense that Jesus is the Messiah Jn Larkin writes " Proving paratithemi was "demonstrating by setting evidence side by side"—God's authoritative Word such as Ps 2; 16; ; Isa 53 next to the premise that it was the divine plan that the Christ must suffer and rise from the dead compare Lk , 44; ; ; , 46; Acts ; ; Paul's argumentation aimed to overcome Jewish preconceptions about the Messiah as a victorious king with an eternal reign who neither suffers nor rises from the dead.

G Campbell Morgan on giving evidence paratithemi - literally placing beside - The word paratithemi does not mean stating dogmatically. It means setting out in order, and displaying. Paul took up the Scriptures, and opened them, and explained them; and he did so by a sequence of arrangement, laying out before them the relation of this part to that, and of that to the other; of the law to the prophets, and of the law and the prophets to the hagiographa, the psalms, or devotional writings. Paul's approach is an excellent pattern for leading to Christ if they already believe in the God of creation and accept the Bible as His inspired word.

For those who are skeptical a different approach is seen when Paul preached to pagan Greeks in Athens Acts G Campbell Morgan - Two facts he declared in that synagogue. Taking up the Old Testament, he showed them that their own Scriptures declared that their own Messiah must die and rise again. That was the first burden of his teaching. With the ancient prophecies in our hands, with the one prophecy of Isaiah for instance, it seems as though it were impossible for men ever to have studied them without seeing that the pathway of the Servant of God toward His triumph must be that of travail; but the Jew had failed to see it.

Paul's work was now to declare to these Jews that the Scriptures taught that the Messiah must suffer, and that He must rise again. One wonders what particular passage he took, whether the prophecy of Isaiah, or those still more mystic and profound words in Hosea. Acts of the Apostles. Christ had to suffer - Had is dei which speaks of necessity. He must suffer! Why was it necessary? But the thought that the Messiah would come to suffer and die at the hands of His own people cf 1 Th was incomprehensible to most Jews.

Christ see Christos. The definite article is used here of "the Christ," the one and only Christ which corresponds with the Hebrew designation of the Messiah. The Jewish ideal was not a redeemer but a ruler, one who would smash the power of Rome and make Jerusalem the capital of a new world empire. Jack Andrews - Paul proclaimed in the synagogues before the Jews and Gentile God-fearers that the Messiah had to suffer. Question: Why did Jesus have to suffer? Jesus suffered on the cross for our sins. When must tell sinners that Jesus died for their sins. We cannot water down the message, negate the message, or brush over the message.

Sinners need to hear that they are sinners, lawbreakers, condemned before God. They will never appreciate and appropriate the sacrifice of Jesus for their sins if they never acknowledge and accept their true condition in sin. Accordingly, they focus their gospel presentations only on what Christ has to offer the sinner to improve his life in time and eternity. To declare to the non-Christian that his sinful life is an offense to a holy God and call him to mourn and repent is considered poor marketing technique. Such an imbalanced approach to evangelism finds no support in Scripture. The true gospel must offend the nonbeliever by confronting him with his sin and judgment. Suffer pascho means essentially what happens to a person experience.

It means to undergo something; to experience a sensation, to experience an impression from an outside source, to undergo an experience usually difficult and normally with the implication of physical or psychological suffering. Pascho can refer to experiencing something pleasant, but in the present context and most NT contexts it refers to experiencing something trying, distressing or painful. Luke's uses of pascho - Lk. The fifty-third chapter of Isaiah was a passage in point that the rabbis had overlooked. Peter made the same point in Acts and Paul again in Acts The minor premise is the resurrection of Jesus from the dead.

Robertson goes on to add that "Paul's major premise in his argument from the Scriptures about the Messiah, the necessity of his sufferings according to the Scriptures, the very argument made by the Risen Jesus to the two on the way to Emmaus Luke , 26, To rise from a lying or reclined position. To stand straight up from a prostrate position Acts Most uses of anistemi denote the act of getting up from a seated or reclined position. Robertson - The actual resurrection of Jesus was also a necessity as Paul says he preached to them 1Thessalonians and argued always from Scripture 1 Corinthians and from his own experience Acts ; Acts ; Acts , Acts ; 1Corinthians Larkin points out that "Witness must always be pursued in this way.

There is a time for dialogue, a time to deal carefully with the questions and doubts of those who hear our witness. But there must also be proclamation. The gospel is, after all, good news from God about what he has done in Christ, not the distillation of the best of human religious reflection. It means to announce, with focus upon the extent to which the announcement or proclamation extends and so to proclaim throughout. It means to declare plainly, openly and loudly! It was used of solemn religious messages and to proclaim Jesus as the Messiah was the most solemn message one could preach!

The word often emphasizes the elevated and solemn style of the proclamation. Outside the NT kataggello was used in reference to broadcasting official reports and announcing athletic games or religious festivals. If there is widespread preaching and teaching, no one may claim ignorance as the reason for unbelief. Kataggello is in the present tense indicated that Paul continually proclaimed "the Christ" "the Messiah".

Jesus whom I am proclaiming to you is the Christ - This is the Messiah! It is his method everywhere as in Damascus, in Antioch in Pisidia, here, in Corinth. He spoke as an eye-witness. Haddon Robinson once said regarding fear of a boring sermon "I fear preaching in such a way that when people hear about God, they'll want only to yawn. It was said of the Prince of Preachers C H Spurgeon that the Bible was the foundation of his sermons and the crucified Christ was the superstructure.

No matter which text Spurgeon preached, he always made a beeline for the cross. This is what our Lord was constantly insisting upon during the closing days of his earthly ministry. It behoved Him, that He might be a merciful and faithful High Priest. How could He have sympathised with the anguish of human hearts, if He had not drunk deeply of the cup of sorrow? How could He have led his flock through the thorny brake, if he had not gone to and fro with his bare feet?

In that He bath suffered, He is able to succor. It behoved Him, that He might be the sacrifice for sin. The conscience demands that forgiveness should be consistent with righteousness. It was necessary, therefore, if Jesus was to bring us forgiveness, that He should be prepared to make reparation and atonement for sin. He must shed his blood, that He may cleanse his people from their sins: He must be willing to be their scapegoat; He must offer Himself without spot to God, that He may cleanse our consciences from dead works to serve the living God.

It behoved Him, that He might reign for evermore. He who can stoop most profoundly can rise to reign most gloriously. As is the descent, so is the ascent. In proportion to the submission to take the form of a servant is the exaltation to the right hand of power. Acts And some of them were persuaded and joined Paul and Silas, along with a large number of the God-fearing Greeks and a number of the leading women. Some of them - Jews and God-fearing Greeks Gentiles.

Paul's mention of the Gentile conversions in 1 Th substantiates that most of the converts in Thessalonica were Gentiles. The majority of Jews stayed in their unbelief, for religious people are the hardest to reach for Christ. This is also true even today. The minority believe in Christ, the majority will not. Were persuaded peitho means literally to persuade or induce by words to believe Acts , Mt , Ro In short, some believed. The preacher is not responsible for the fruit, only for the sowing of the seed of the Word.

Are you sowing the pure Word? If not why do you wonder why you see no conversions, no transformed marriages, no personal revivals, no new baptisms? They were persuaded particularly by kind words Ro note or motives. Some were persuaded to receive a belief--They were convinced, ultimately the job of the Holy Spirit 1Pe note ; 2Th , John Now don't forget, while Paul did his part to present the evidence that Jesus was the Messiah, he did so in reliance of the power of the Holy Spirit and so too must we when we present the Gospel. It is not our persuasive arguments that will win anyone to Christ, but God's powerful Spirit and powerful Word! We are simply players in His grand plan of redemption and have a once in a lifetime privilege to share the Gospel with men and women who otherwise will spend eternity in torment away from the presence of the Lord!

We must have a sense of urgency about eternity, something I fear the church in America as sadly lost! As Paul affirms "my message and my preaching were not in persuasive words of wisdom , but in demonstration of the Spirit and of power. Acts , 50; , Joined proskleroo is used only here and means to give or assign by lot, such as one's destiny. They attached themselves to or ''threw in their lot'' with Paul and Silas -- they "won the lottery" so to speak! Eternal life in Christ! Along with a large number - Literally "not a few" so is translated as "quite a few" which is the actual meaning of the expression in the context. Clearly the Gospel message crossed class lines from low to high in society.

And it still does. It is a myth that the Gospel is only for the poor and uneducated. It is for those who have hearts to hear and heed the Word of the Cross 1 Cor ! Jack Arnold on large number of leading women - The gospel had a real appeal to women, especially women of the upper classes who were prominent citizens in the Greek cities. There is a reason for this magnetic appeal Christ had to women. These were educated women who knew the Greek philosophies and had been in the religious cults. They knew that these man-made philosophies were empty, vain and dead, offering nothing for the inward spirit. These philosophies and mystery cults were totally humanistic, full of voluptuous and degrading sexual practices which left these women devastated and filled with self-loathing.

They were disgusted with free sex and they turned to Jesus Christ for forgiveness, who, in turn, gave them a sense of self-worth and value as human beings. Paul was the ideal evangelist because he knew how to reach people where they were and to bring them to the Living Christ for new life. Vincent on leading woman - The position of women in Macedonia seems to have been exceptional. Popular prejudice, and the verdict of Grecian wisdom in its best age, asserted her natural inferiority. The Athenian law provided that everything which a man might do by the counsel or request of a woman should be null in law. She was little better than a slave. To educate her was to advertise her as a harlot. Her companions were principally children and slaves. In Macedonia, however, monuments were erected to women by public bodies; and records of male proper names are found, in Macedonian inscriptions, formed on the mother's name instead of on the father's.

Macedonian women were permitted to hold property, and were treated as mistresses of the house. These facts are borne out by the account of Paul's labors in Macedonia. In Thessalonica, Beroea, and Philippi we note additions of women of rank to the church; and their prominence in church affairs is indicated by Paul's special appeal to two ladies in the church at Philippi to reconcile their differences, which had caused disturbance in the church, and by his commending them to his colleagues as women who had labored with him in the Lord Philemon , Philemon Acts 17 - Vincent's Word Studies. It is noteworthy that here, as in Philippi, leading women take a bold stand for Christ.

In Macedonia women had more freedom than elsewhere. It is not to be inferred that all those converted belonged to the higher classes, for the industrial element was clearly large 1 Thessalonians In 2 Corinthians Paul speaks of the deep poverty of the Macedonian churches, but with Philippi mainly in mind. Ramsay thinks that Paul won many of the heathen not affiliated at all with the synagogue. Certain it is that we must allow a considerable interval of time between Acts , Acts to understand what Paul says in his Thessalonian Epistles.

As an aside when Paul was in Thessalonica, he received financial support from the Christians in Philippi. They helped with this successful work among the Thessalonians. You yourselves also know, Philippians, that at the first preaching of the gospel, after I left Macedonia, no church shared with me in the matter of giving and receiving but you alone; for even in Thessalonica you sent a gift more than once for my needs. Acts But the Jews, becoming jealous and taking along some wicked men from the market place, formed a mob and set the city in an uproar; and attacking the house of Jason, they were seeking to bring them out to the people.

KJV - But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people. CSB But the Jews became jealous, and when they had brought together some scoundrels from the marketplace and formed a mob, they set the city in an uproar. Attacking Jason's house, they searched for them to bring them out to the public assembly.

ESV But the Jews were jealous, and taking some wicked men of the rabble, they formed a mob, set the city in an uproar, and attacked the house of Jason, seeking to bring them out to the crowd. KJV But the Jews which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people. NET But the Jews became jealous, and gathering together some worthless men from the rabble in the marketplace, they formed a mob and set the city in an uproar.

They attacked Jason's house, trying to find Paul and Silas to bring them out to the assembly. NIV But the Jews were jealous; so they rounded up some bad characters from the marketplace, formed a mob and started a riot in the city. They rushed to Jason's house in search of Paul and Silas in order to bring them out to the crowd. NLT But some of the Jews were jealous, so they gathered some troublemakers from the marketplace to form a mob and start a riot. They attacked the home of Jason, searching for Paul and Silas so they could drag them out to the crowd. YLT And the unbelieving Jews, having been moved with envy, and having taken to them of the loungers certain evil men, and having made a crowd, were setting the city in an uproar; having assailed also the house of Jason, they were seeking them to bring them to the populace,.

But - Always pause and ponder this term of contrast , asking how is the writer "changing direction. The Jews felt strong envy and resentment against Paul and his message. As happened in Pisidian Antioch Acts , 50 , Iconium Acts , 5 , and Lystra Acts on the first missionary journey, here Paul is again opposed by a mob incited by jealous Jews. While this is undoubtedly true, this phrase is not found in the modern transcripts so most modern translations lack this phrase.

Jack Andrews observes these antagonistic Jews "were moved in a wrong way in the wrong direction. Whenever we are overcome with envy and jealousy we are always going in a bad direction. G Campbell Morgan observes that "the work in Thessalonica was not one of triumph only. It was one of trial, springing out of the jealousy of the Jews. The word" jealousy" is a very awkward word here. It should read springing out of the zeal of the Jews; for it is the very word that Paul used concerning them in his Roman letter, "I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.

It can be used commendably to refer to a striving for something or showing zeal. As Paul explained in Romans his hope was that the salvation of Gentiles would provoke the Jews into studying the Scriptures and discovering their promised Messiah "But I am speaking to you who are Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle of Gentiles, I magnify my ministry, if somehow I might move to jealousy my fellow countrymen and save some of them. That is another way of saying the same thing as here. The success of Paul was entirely too great in both places to please the rabbis. So here is jealousy of Jewish preachers towards Christian preachers. It is always between men or women of the same profession or group.

In 1 Thessalonians Paul hints at some of the slanders spread against him by these rabbis deceivers, using words of flattery as men-pleasers, after vain-glory, greed of gain, etc. Barclay - As usual Paul began his work in the synagogue. His great success was not so much among the Jews as among the Gentiles attached to the synagogue. This infuriated the Jews for they looked on these Gentiles as their natural preserves and here was Paul stealing them before their very eyes. The Jews stooped to the lowest methods to hinder Paul.

First they stirred up the rabble. Then, when they had dragged Jason and his friends before the magistrates, they charged the Christian missionaries with preaching political insurrection. They knew their charge to be a lie and yet it is couched in very suggestive terms. The Jews had not the slightest doubt that Christianity was a supremely effective thing.

Glover quoted with delight the saying of the child who remarked that the New Testament ended with Revolutions. When Christianity really goes into action it must cause a revolution both in the life of the individual and in the life of society. Acts But the high priest rose up, along with all his associates that is the sect of the Sadducees , and they were filled with jealousy.

Comment - Remember that what " fills " you will end up controlling you! Yet God was with him,. John MacArthur one of the best modern expositors of the Word and one who has experienced the conflict writes "Those who courageously proclaim the right message and win converts will face conflict. Success will be accompanied by opposition. Paul and his companions were no exception. The unbelieving Jews at Thessalonica were enraged by the success of the gospel.

They "loved the darkness rather than the light; for their deeds were evil" John Jack Andrews - The people in opposition to the work of God were unbelievers. That is always the case. Those who do not believe are always trying to hinder those who do believe. John G. Hence, we should not be surprised that unbelief motivates to strong action against the work of God. Furthermore, all of this reveals to us that those in church who are a continual pain in the neck to the work of the church are probably unbelievers. Such may be deacons, Sunday school teachers, or holders of other important offices of leadership in the church.

But their cantankerous spirit nullifies their claim of being a true believer. Merrill Unger has an interesting on on the marketplace men - Loungers of the type employed here by the Jews to attack Paul and Silas were common in the agora or forum of Graeco-Roman cities. They invariably assembled around the rostrum where an orator was speaking, and applauded or heckled according to who paid them. Historical Research and the Church at Thessalonica. Jack Arnold - The Jews were jealous of the success Paul was having among the attenders at the synagogue.

These angry Jews went to the marketplace where the loafers, hoods and social misfits and outcasts hung out. The Jews probably paid them to incite a riot in the city against Paul and his missionary band. The devil never gives up. When he is defeated by Scripture and logic, he turns to violence to stamp out Christianity. These young radicals knew how to manipulate a crowd to irrational actions. The crowd, at a fever pitch and emotional high, went to the home of Jason where Paul was staying.

Some wicked men from the marketplace - "The agora or market-place was the natural resort for those with nothing to do Matthew like the court-house square today or various parks in our cities where bench-warmers flock. The church in Thessalonica caught some of these peripatetic idlers 2 Thessalonians The Romans called them subrostrani hangers round the rostrum or subbasilicari. Probably right in the agora itself where the rabbis could tell men their duties and pay them in advance. We might call them loafers or bums! They were usually unemployed and loitered about the marketplace and they were looked down upon by the Greco-Roman society as worthless people.

Also used with a different sense in Acts where it means the days when courts of justice are in session court days, sessions. Cleon Rogers - The agora was originally an open place where the king met the people; it later became the open place where the citizens gathered; then it indicated the open place around which important government buildings were located, as well as stores, where one could buy the necessities of life, it corresponded to the Latin Forum. Business was usually carried from A. Poneros denotes determined, aggressive, and fervent evil that actively opposes what is good giving us a good picture of these men. Poneros is not just bad in character like kakos , but bad in effect injurious! They were the type of men who would not hesitate to inflict harm.

The Jews knew exactly what they were doing! In the middle voice it has a different sense meaning to make a noise or disturbance, especially the noise made in lamenting the dead Matt. The cognate thorubos is used in Acts ; ; Thorubeo - 4x in NT - make a commotion 1 , noisy disorder 1 , set 1 , troubled 1 , uproar 1. Campbell Morgan rightly declared that "the measure of our triumph in work for God is always the measure of our travail. No propagative work is done save at cost; and every genuine triumph of the Cross brings after it the travail of some new affliction, and some new sorrow.

So we share the travail that makes the Kingdom come. The idea is a sudden arrival, often with hostile intent as in this context cf similar sense in Lk ; Acts ; ; ,. Seeking zeteo they were repeatedly imperfect tense trying to find the location of the missionaries. They sought to persecute the preachers. This is always Satan's aim. As one godly preacher once told me "Preach the Word and duck! Bring them out - Who? Paul and Silas - a veritable old-time "lynching party! The people demos means people, populace, crowd, "the mass of the people assembled in a public place.

Friberg - 1 as the population of a city people, populace; 2 as the populace gathered for any purpose mob, crowd Acts Demos - only 4x - Usage: assembly 2 , people 2. When they did not find them - This implies that they made a careful search for them. They looked but to no avail. Paul and his associates were not to be found. For some reason God sheltered them at this time. Jack Arnold - Paul and the missionaries were gone. God providentially protected them from the lynch mob. Perhaps they had received word of this mob action and went into hiding or perhaps God just had them step out for a moment to miss the action.

They began dragging Jason and some brethren before the city authorities - Similar to the scene in Acts 16, Satan stirs up the crowd to seek to silence the saints. Things have not changed much in years No prayer before sporting events, you can't teach the Bible in schools, etc, etc. Today the enemy is silencing the Gospel proclamation from many pulpits for they have substituted the message of a "social gospel" that deals with temporal, physical needs but tragically largely many times totally ignores the eternal, spiritual needs of men and women dead in their trespasses and sins and under God's imminent judgment cf Eph , Jn , 36, Ro Robertson on began dragging - imperfect active, vivid picture, they were dragging literally.

If they could not find Paul, they could drag Jason his host and some other Christians whom we do not know. Jack Andrews - This word began dragging gives the picture of leaving a trail behind where the person had been dragged through. This word lets us know that Jason did not volunteer to go with the mob and stand before the rulers. He was not asked to go, he was made to go. He was not given a formal invite, but he was forced to go! Dragging suro means to draw, pull, draw, drag away, lead by force against their will , "as moving someone or something along by force drag away , pull along , draw Acts Of dragging a heavy object with great effort.

John But the other disciples came in the little boat, for they were not far from the land, but about one hundred yards away, dragging the net full of fish. Acts But Saul began ravaging the church, entering house after house, and dragging off men and women, he would put them in prison. Acts But Jews came from Antioch and Iconium, and having won over the crowds, they stoned Paul and dragged him out of the city, supposing him to be dead. Acts When they did not find them, they began dragging Jason and some brethren before the city authorities, shouting, "These men who have upset the world have come here also;.

Revelation note And his tail swept away a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth. And the dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child. Dt "crawling things" 2 Sam. It is found in Josephus and other Greek literature along with some compound forms with the literal meaning. Brethren 80 adelphos means literally of the same womb, and in this context presumably refers to Christians, those who were born again. Shouting boao means crying for help or as in this context crying out in a tumultuous way with a high, strong voice.

The word Politarch was a special title used by Macedonians for chief magistrates here and in a few other cities. Only found in Acts and Acts BDAG on politarches - No precise job description is extant, but administration of security measures, as indicated Aeneas Tact. A number of p. At this point the historicity of Acts has been attacked on the ground that the city authorities at Thessalonica were not called " politarchs. The inscription begins "In the time of the politarchs Wikipedia - One of the earliest extant inscriptions to use the term "Politarch" was located on the Vardar Gate in Thessaloniki see picture. The Gate was unfortunately destroyed in but the inscription, which dates to the 2nd Century AD, can now been seen in the British Museum in London.

Cleon Rogers on politarches - ruler of the city. Used mainly of the Macedonian title for the non-Roman magistrates of a city generally five in number , whose duties were, among other things, to confirm decisions made by the Demos, and to maintain peace and order in their city. Apologetic note by Blaiklock - Since the term politarches was unknown elsewhere, the critics of Luke once dismissed it as a mark of ignorance. Sixteen epigraphical examples now exist in modern Salonica, and one is located in the British Museum on a stone which once formed part of an archway. It was evidently the Macedonian term. It was Luke's general practice to use the term in commonest use in educated circles. Hence he called the officials of Philippi 'praetors', and an inscription has similarly established the fact that this was a courtesy title given to the magistrates of a Roman colony.

Vincent on rulers of the city - Another illustration of Luke's accuracy. Note that the magistrates are called by a different name from those at Philippi. Thessalonica was not a colony, but a free city see on colony, Acts , and was governed by its own rulers, whose titles accordingly did not follow those of Roman magistrates. The word occurs only here and Acts , and has been found in an inscription on an arch at Thessalonica, where the names of the seven politarchs are mentioned.

The arch is thought by antiquarians to have been standing in Paul's time. In short the Gospel is not politically correct! Indeed the Gospel of salvation upsets lost sinners destined from eternal torment , because it confronts them head on with the choice to choose death or choose life, to be eternally cursed or eternally blessed read Dt So yes this "upsets the world! Unless you are in a "holy huddle" you will almost certainly upset your audience! The irony is that these Gospel proclaimers were actually turning the world right side up! When Adam and Eve sinned in the perfect garden, the world was instantly turned upset down!

Sin is deceiving Heb and sinners think their version of the world is right-side up when in fact is upset down in the sight of a holy and righteous God! A believer lives right-side-up in a topsy-turvy world. These men - Who? The proclaimers of the Gospel. Today that should apply to every saint, for we should all be proclaiming the Gospel with our lives and our lips. The world is flailing around in a stormy sea and going to hell and we sit comfortably and apathetically in the Ark of the Covenant with life preservers named "Gospel" and refuse to through them to those around us who are drowning in their sins and will soon cease breathing and sink to the dark, dreary bottom of the sea so to speak!

Ruth Graham said saints are those who. Pascal on these men as "upsetters" - The serene beauty of a holy life is the most powerful influence in the world next to the might of God. The men that move the world are the ones who do not let the world move them! Who have upset the world - KJV has a vivid picture "these that have turned the world upset down" They were lying! A false accusation! On the other hand, in another sense the Gospel was certainly "upsetting the world" but it was doing so in a good way for those who received it by faith! Indeed, the recipients of the good news did change kingdoms - from darkness to light, from the dominion of Satan to God Acts note! Gilbrant adds that "The accusation that Paul and Silas had turned the inhabited world upside down has been a thrill and a challenge to true believers ever since.

The world turned upside down is at last right side up. The Romans used "the world" [the inhabited world] to mean the Roman Empire. Complete Biblical Library Commentary. The action is most commonly applied to a state of mind as is the case in the papyri of the Koine Greek period. See Galatians ,9; ; ; He was no doubt relieved to learn that Paul was not the troublesome Egyptian insurrectionist whose revolt had been so destructively unsettling for Rome.

It is possible that news had come to Thessalonica of the expulsion of the Jews from Rome by Claudius note. There is truth in the accusation, for Christianity is revolutionary, but on this particular occasion the uproar Acts was created by the rabbis and the hired loafers. It occurs also in Harpocration a. But in an Egyptian letter of Aug.

Oxyrhynchus Pap. It is a vigorous and graphic term. The Romans used oikoumene in their secular writings to refer to the Roman Empire, for to them their empire equated with the whole world. When they said that these men were turning the world upside down, that is exactly what they meant. When Christianity penetrated that old Roman Empire it was a revolution. It had a tremendous effect. William Barcla y on upset the world - 'Those,' they said, 'who are upsetting the civilised world have arrived here.

Jack Andrews - The missionaries and early church had the power of God upon them and God used them to shake up the world. Why does God not use us like he did these missionaries? The Lord has been so deeply grieved by the refusal of the church to faithfully proclaim the whole counsel of His Word in the power of the Holy Spirit that He has largely withdrawn from the church and left her to her own devices. Souls were saved, people took sides, feelings were stirred, decisions were made, the lines were drawn. Paul did not slip into town, hold a few quiet meetings, enjoy some good home cooking, pick up a generous honorarium, and slip back out of town again without the city knowing or caring that the gospel had been preached at all.

Everybody knew when Paul came to town. Passions were stirred, things happened, the place was turned upside down. Guzik - God willing and blessing, people would say such things about the effectiveness of Christians today!. Jesus did not come only to be our teacher, but to turn our world upside-down. The powerful and the eminent of this world are at the top of the power pyramid and look down on the weak and insignificant; but Jesus comes and turns that pyramid around and says, If you want to come to Me, you have to come like a little child.

As Paul says, God has chosen the foolish and weak things of the world to confound the wise 1Corinthians , and so God turns the world's power-pyramid upside down. Jesus gave a great example of this upside-down thinking when He spoke of a rich man who amassed great wealth, and all he could think about was building bigger barns to store all his wealth. We would make the man a civic leader or recognized him as a prominent man; Jesus turned it all upside down and called the man a fool, because he had done nothing to get his life right with God. Luke , 17, 18, 19, 20, 21 Actually, God was working through Paul and Silas to turn the world right side-up again. But when you yourself are upside-down, the other direction appears to be upside-down!

John White, a psychiatrist and minister in Canada, said, "It would be foolish of us to assume that our present luxurious freedom will continue indefinitely. Freedom is the delayed end result of the Reformation, with its biblical view of man. As the biblical influence wanes, it is likely that freedom will not continue. There are signs that the conditions necessary for tolerance and freedom are already being eroded. Democracy is a fragile flower of late bloom it was in its present form completely unknown to the Greeks liable to be withered by scorching winds of impatient hate.

It is therefore important that we all ask ourselves: Am I willing to risk imprisonment and death for Christ? Many professing believers are not willing. If you are faithful in little things while freedom lasts, chances are that you will be faithful when the big tests come. There is valuable training in faithfulness where you are now. If you are open and honest--true to yourself and true to Christ--your life will provoke hostility in some and will powerfully attract others.

I do not wish to be an alarmist about what it costs to be faithful to Christ yet I feel I must point both to Scripture and to the course of church history. I want to awaken the Western Church with the blast of a trumpet, warning her that the normal conditions under which the Church bears witness are not those we now experience, but are conditions inimical to Christian witness. I believe that the darkness may be descending again, and I fear that few of us are prepared for it. We belong to a long tradition of martyrdom, but we have become soft and ill-prepared. There is a story told of an eccentric English evangelist who took that text for one of his open-air sermons in a new place.

Second, the world must be turned upside down. Third, we are the men to set it right. Robert Morgan - The first Christians were walking torches who weren't afraid to share their faith, spread their news, praise their Lord, and set their world on fire. They'd discovered a secret that had turned them inside out. Gone were their inhibitions, failures, sins, and temporal concerns. The risen Christ was living within them, walking among them, and working through them. They were filled with the Spirit and they shared the Word with boldness, though it sometimes brought the lash down on their backs and the government down on their heads.

They didn't expect to be here long, so they made the most of every opportunity. It was said of them, "These men who have turned the world upside down have come here too. There are still Christians like that, but the majority of us are content with being middle-of-the-roaders whose lukewarm Laodicean faith won't even cause the world to tilt a little. The gospel isn't going to turn the world upside down until it turns us inside out and right-side up, and we'll not set others on fire until we ourselves become walking torches. The Christians who have turned the world upside down have been men and women with vision in their hearts and the Bible in their hands. When life gets heavy, humor lightens the load.

I have heard, for example, that in Russia peasant farmers enjoy telling this story: A commissar came to a farmer one day and inquired about the year's potato crop. With a scowl, he said, "But comrade, this is a communist state and we are atheists. You must not forget, there is no God! No God—no potatoes. A deep truth lies hidden in this humorous tale. God is the source of all things—whether we admit it or not. The apostle Paul went so far as to tell his pagan audience, "For in Him we live and move and have our being" Acts Without Him, we could not draw a single breath, our bodies could not function, and we would have no provision for our daily sustenance.

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